Food & Economic Security
Agriculture is central to the Haitian economy – generating nearly 25 percent of the country’s gross domestic product and employing more than 60 percent of the country’s population. The challenges facing this sector include overwhelming environmental degradation, which causes frequent flooding and erosion and impedes the cultivation of fertile soil. The USG, through USAID, will help farmers move high-quality goods to market by improving how they store their harvested crops; we also will help improve roads, which reduces costs and spoilage in getting farmers’ products to market.
In the non-agricultural sector, job creation and growth have suffered from a business environment that has barriers to obtaining credit or investment capital, and inadequate infrastructure, including roads, ports, and electricity. Micro-, small-, and medium-sized businesses account for a large part of the Haitian economy; therefore, USAID is focusing resources on improving the business environment for them. We are also facilitating access to investment capital, allowing these businesses to grow and expand, and are working with the Government of Haiti to improve and simplify regulations.
The US Government is working to reduce Haiti's vulnerability to food crises and improve long term health. To date, USAID has provided $140.6 million in emergency food assistance and $47.5 million in food vouchers and short term employment programs. (Click here for more information on food assistance).
- Economic Development for a Sustainable Environment (DEED): Initiate investment in sustainable natural resource management to produce positive changes in environment, infrastructure, and economic vulnerability in watersheds.
( For more information, see fact sheet : PDF, 135K)
- Feed the Future West: Promote agricultural intensification, sound natural resource management, and reductions in environmental vulnerability, while increasing both farm and non-farm incomes in priority watersheds.
( For more information, see fact sheet : PDF, 156K)
- Participating Agency Service Agreement (PASA): Increase capacity of the Government of Haiti’s Ministry of Agriculture to deliver key agricultural services to Haitian farmers and agribusinesses.
( For more information, see fact sheet : PDF, 104K)
- Haiti Hope: Double the incomes of 25,000 Haitian mango farmers over five years.
( For more information, see fact sheet : PDF, 80K)
- Development Credit Authority (DCA): Boost Haiti’s economic recovery and help rebuild private sector by strengthening local lending to small and medium enterprises in agriculture, construction, housing and urban development, garment and light manufacturing, information and communication technology, tourism, handicrafts, and waste management.
( For more information, see fact sheet : PDF, 134K)
- Haiti Integrated Financing for Value Chain Enterprises (HIFIVE): Increase the flow of commercially viable financial products and services to productive and competitive enterprises; support the use of Mobile Money in Haiti.
( For more information, see fact sheet : PDF, 122K)
- Women Empowerment in Border Regions (WEBR) of Haiti: Invest in women and equip them to participate in community decision making, strengthen household incomes, and engage in preventive health maintenance.
( For more information, see fact sheet : PDF, 132K)
- Leveraging Effective Application of Direct (LEAD) Investments: Create jobs and improve social infrastructure in the three USG-supported development corridors through sustainable business and social enterprise development, as well as develop and test innovative mechanisms to increase the development impact of remittances in Haiti.
( For more information, see fact sheet : PDF, 121K)